The ClassActionsActregulatesareasinwhichclassactioncanbefiledincaseswhenrightsare violatedorhaveanegativeimpactonalargenumberofentities. Provisions governing procedural aspectsingreaterdetail, introduceintolegalorderoftheRepublicofSlovenia somenovelties thathavenotbeenknownbefore.

AttheendofApril,morespecifically21April2018,theClassActionsAct(ZKolT,Ur.l.RS,No. 55/2017),adopted26September2017,willenterintoforce.Thereasons fortheadoptionofthe lawstemmainlyfromtherecommendationsandorientationsoftheEuropeanUnionandthe requirementsofitssecondarylegislation. Although classactionshave alreadybeenregulatedin Slovenianlegalsystem,namelyinconsumerdisputes,they have notbeenfullyimplementedinto practiceforvariousreasons.Additional systematicapproachwasneeded,and accordingtothe legislator itisnowcoveredwith solutionsgovernedby ClassActionsAct.Thesesolutionsarenot intendedsolelytofacilitatecollectiveprotection of rightsofindividualssufferingdamageincourt proceedings,butalso to createadeterrenteffectonthe behaviourofpotentialinfringers.They are,asarule,economicallyorotherwisesignificantlystrongerthanindividualvictims,whowill nowhavetheopportunitytoacttogether. ClassActionsAct anticipatestwotypesoflawsuits: collectiveinjunctions andcollective compensatoryactions.Whiletheformerwasalreadypartof theSlovenianlegalsystem- itwasregulatedwiththeprovisionsoftheConsumerProtectionAct - thelatterrepresentsacompletenovelty. Itsaimistoobtaincompensations forthedamage suffered,forwhich,within thecurrentindividualsystemofjudicialprotection,thebeneficiaries rarelydecidedtolodge actions.Classactionsshouldbeincomparisonwithindividuallawsuits, lesserburdenforindividuals.

Inaccordancewiththenewlyadoptedlaw,itwillbe possibletolodge classactionsforviolations of following legal areas: 

  • consumerprotection; 
  • competition – concerning infringementofprovisionsprohibitingrestrictivepractices;
  • financialinstruments- regarding violationsoftherulesoftradingonregulatedmarketsand inrelationtoprohibitedpracticesofmarketabuse;
  • workers’ protection;
  • liabilityfordamagescausedbyenvironmentaldisasters. 

Thelawintroducesasystemofrepresentative action,whichinpractice meansthatclassactions couldbelodgedbyprivatelaw legalentities , engagedinanon-profit-makingactivityrelatedto thecontentofaclassactionandalsoby seniorstateattorneys.Undercertainconditions,entities fromotherEUMemberStateswillalsobeabletofile class actions. SincethepurposeofClass Actions Actisnotonlytofacilitatejudicialprotectionforindividualsandtoenablethemtoobtain compensations,butalsotopreventunfairlitigation,itgovernsseveral proceduralguarantees intendedmainlyforprotectionof interestsofbusinessentitiesintheserelationships.Theseare:

  • preliminary processoftheexaminationandapprovalofacompensatorycollectiveaction, 
  • prohibitionof punitivedamages, 
  • intermsofreimbursementofproceduralcostsprincipleofsuccessisused(thepartythat losesbearsthecostsoflitigation), 
  • prohibition onfinancingclassactionsbyfundproviderthatisacompetitorofthe defendant. 

Potentialplaintiffswillbeinformedaboutthepossibilityofjoiningaclassactionthrougha registerkeptbyHighCourtofRepublicofSlovenia,publiclyavailableonthewebsitesofjudiciary.

Asfiduciaries ofawarded collectivedamages are exclusively predicted notariespublic, and the partieswillbepriortoappointmentofthenotarypublic,providedwithanoptiontonominate chosennotarypublic. AccesstothefulltextofClassActions ActinSlovenelanguageisavailable onthelinkbelow: 

https://www.uradni-list.si/glasilo-uradni-list-rs/